演讲英语 PDF+EPUB+MOBI电子书下载

作者:马壮寰

出版社:外语教学与研究出版社

出版年:1998-6

页数:260

定价:8.90

装帧:平装

ISBN:9787560014067

内容摘要

在编写这本书的过程中,人们查阅了许多原版的英文书籍。作者力求简洁、流利,并适合本书所设想的英语学习者水平。这本书首先简要介绍了英语演讲的特点,并将其与其他形式的口语交际,如对话。然后对语音的结构,即各个组成部分进行了较为详细的分析。此外,还列举了许多精彩的例子来说明语言的运用、修辞风格和文本的布局。如何准备演讲和如何演讲是本书的另外两个重要内容。知道说什么不一定意味着知道怎么说。人们因为表达不当而被误解和尴尬并不罕见。所以“怎么说”有时似乎更重要。在这方面,本书还介绍了许多方法和技巧,包括语言学和非语言学。例如,话题选择、数据收集、提纲起草、模拟练习以及语音过程中的姿势、手势、表情和语音控制都在讨论范围内。

目录

CHAPTER I AN OVERVIEW

总论

WHY STUDY PUBLIC SPEAKING

Gain favorable recognition

Become more confident and establish a more positive attitude

Realize potential

Improve English

EVERYONE CAN BE A PUBLIC SPEAKER

Choose the proper topic

Prepare thoroughly

Believe that most listeners are not fault-finding

Assume that at the worst you are as nervous as other speakers

Commit yourself to the speech

Know the theory and practice hard

Tips for overcoming stage frighf

PUBLIC SPEAKING AS COMMUNICATION

Communication and language

Basic qualities Of language

VARIETIES OF PUBLIC SPEAKING

InfOrmative SPeech

Persuasive SPeech'

Entertaining Speech

StimuIating Speech'

Four types of delivery

COMPONENTS OF PUBLIC SPEAKING

The Introduction

The Body

The Conclusion

PROCEDURES OF SPEECH PREPARATION

Deciding on a topic

Collecting Materials

Organizing Materials

Outlining

Rehearsal

SPEAKER SKETCH

Cicero

CHAPTER Ⅱ PREPARING THE SPEECH

演讲的准备

DETERMINING THE TOPIC AND PURPOSE

General Purpose and Specific Purpose

Knowing yourself

Knowing the audlence

Knowing the occasion

COLLECTING MAThRIAL

ORGANIZING MATERIAL

Determine the Points

Arrange the Points

The chronological Pattern

The sPatial Pattern

The process Pattern

The Chuse-dect pattern

The problem-solution Pattern

The topical pattern

OUTLINING THE SPEECH

Preparation Outline

Key-word Outline

Sample Study

SPEECHES GIVEN ON SOME SPECIAL OCCASION

The Speech of Introduction

Adapt to the speaking s1tuation

Be brief

Be proPer and sincere

The Speech of Welcome

Introduce or identde the newcomer

Compliment the welcomed

Mention the reason brithe

Extend,iordial welcome at the end

The Speech of ResPOnse to a Welcome

Identify the group you are responding to

Extend your appreciation or thanks

Express your hope or determination

The Speech of Farewe1l

Regrets about leaving

Respect for the group you are leaving

Hope for future contacts

Farewell to the group

SPEAKER SKETCH

Abraham Lincoln

CHAPTER Ⅲ BEGINNING AND ENDING THE SPEECH

演讲的引言与结尾

ANALYSIS OF THE INTRODUCTION

The Function of the introduction

Rerml the topic Of pour speech

Get the attention and interest of the audience.

Establish a favorable relationship with the audience

Provide background information

Tips for preparing the introduction

Sample study

ANALYSIS OF THE CONCLUSIoN

The Function of the Conclusion

Signal the end

Reemphasize the central idea

Tips for preparing the conclusion

Sample Study

SPEAKER SKETCH

Martin Luther King, Jr.

CHAPTER N SUPPORTING IDEAS

支持要点

ILLUSTRATION OR EXAMPLE

The function of illustration

Tips for using illustration

Sample study

STATISTICS

The function of statistics

Tips for using statistics

Sample study

TESTIMONY

The function of testimony

Tips for using testimony

Sample study

COMPANISON

The Literal Comparison

The Figurative Comparison

Sample Study

CONTRAST

The Function of Contrast

Sample Study

EXPLANTION

The Function of Explanation

Sample Study

SUPPORTING IDEAS WITH EMOTlONAL PROOFS

The Function of Emotional Proofs

Sample Study

SPEAKER SKETCH

John F. Kennedy

CHAPTER V LANUAGE CHOICE

语言选择

ORAL CHARACTERISTICS

Personal and direct

Instantly Understandable

USING LANGUANE EFFECTIVELY

Clarity and Simplicity

Appropriateness

Vividness and Impressiveness

Denotative Meaning and Connotative Meaning

Synonyms

Transitions

Sample Transitions

FIGURES OF SPEECH

Simile

Metaphor

Personlficat1on

Antlthesis

Climax

Understatement

Synecdoche

Metonymy

A1literation

OnomatoPOeia

OTHER KINDS OF RHETORICAL DEVICES

Parallelism

Word Repetition

Rhetorical Question

Periodic Sentence

REPETITION OF A SINGLE WORD IN ROOSEVELTS INAUGURAL ADDRESSES

CHAPTER Ⅵ DELIVERY

表达

FOUR KINDS OF DELIVERY

Reading from a Manuscript

Reciting from Memory

Impromptu Speaking

Extemporaneous Speaking

THE IMPORTANCE OF DELIVERY

The Importance of Delivery

The features of effective delivery

Adapted to the whole speaking situation

Both audible and visible

Confident

Sincere and enthusiaslic

Tips for delivery

VISIBLE CODE

The Function of Visible Code

The Components of Visible Code

Personal Appeu ra nce

Facial Expression

Eye Contact

Posture

Movement

Gestures

AUDIBLE CODE

Improve Your Voice

Speech Sound Production

Breathing

Tips for Protecting and Improuing Your

Make Best Use of Your Voice

Volume

Rate

Pause

Varlety

Clarlty

Pronunciation

PRACTICE AND REHEARSAL

Rehearsal

Other Kinds of Praclice

APPENDIX

附录

REFERENCE BOOKS

参考书目

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